Safety Car Seat Training



  • Car Crashes are the leading cause of child deaths and injuries in Canada
  • Car seats can reduce deaths by as much as 71% (Canadian Pediatric Society, 2009)
  • Correct use of car seats and booster seats save lives

Alberta Law

  • Drivers and passengers must use a set belt or car seat
  • Drivers are responsible for passengers under 16 years old
  • Car seats are needed for children under 6 who weighs less than 18 kg (40lbs)
  • Seat bels or car seat must be used correctly.
AHS Car Seat Recommendations (2017) from AHS YouTube Channel

Types of Car Seats

  • Rear-facing
  • Forward-facing
  • Booster seat
  • Seat belts

For your Car Seats:

  • Check to see if it meets the Canada Motor Vehicle Safety Standards (CMVSS)
  • Check for expiry date
  • No reuse after an accident
  • Not recommended to use second-hand seats
  • Use seat belt or UAS, not both
  • Check for recalls

Stage 1: Rear-Facing Car Seats

  • Never in front of an airbag
  • Keep your child rear-facing for as long as possible
  • Use a car seat with higher rear-facing limits
  • secure seat with the UAS or the seat belt, not both (unless stated by the manufacturer)
  • Make sure the harness is snug
  • Pinch test – if you can pinch the strap, it’s too loose.
  • Rear-facing Car Seat YES test handout

Stage 2: Forward-Facing Car Seats

  • Until the car seat’s weight limit or height limit
  • At least over 18 kg in weight
  • Higher weight is okay, as long as you can, since it is much safer than a booster seat
  • Use tether strap – pull it tight, less than 1 inch in any direction
  • Forward-facing Car Seat YES test handout

Stage 3: Booster Seats

  • Always use a lap-shoulder seat belt with a booster seat
  • Make sure the seat belt fits correctly
  • Use a booster seat until your child is 145cm (4 feet 9 inches) tall or reaches the booster seat’s limits.
  • Booster Car Seat YES test handout

Moving to a Seat Belt 5 Step Test: Check all 5 boxes

  1. Child is at least 145 cm (4 feet 9 inches) tall
  2. Knees bend comfortably at edge of seat
  3. Lap belt stays low and snug on hips
  4. Shoulder belt crosses middle of chest
  5. They can sit like this for the whole trip

Car Seat Options by Stage

Source: Choosing a child car seat or booster seat from Transport Canada


Disclaimer: This material is not a substitute for the advice of a qualified health professional. This material is intended for general information only and is provided on an “as is”, “where is” basis. Although reasonable efforts were made to confirm the accuracy of the information, Alberta Health Services does not make any representation or warranty, express, implied or statutory, as to the accuracy, reliability, completeness, applicability or fitness for a particular purpose of such information. Alberta Health Services expressly disclaims all liability for the use of these materials, and for any claims, actions, demands or suits arising from such use. Last Updated September 2022