Oral Health for Adults


Information on this page can be downloaded as handout.


Too many germs when:

  • Not brushing 2 times a day
  • Too much sweet food
  • Too much sweet drinks
  • Filling breaks and not covered
  • Roots are showing

plaque and gum disease

Gum disease

Gum disease happens when teeth and gums are not brushed well

  • Gums are red and swollen
  • Gums bleed with brushing
  • May be painless unless very serious
  • Can lead to tooth loss

Mouth germs make you sick

May cause problems:

  • Heart & stroke
  • Lung infection / pneumonia
  • Harder to control blood sugar/diabetes
  • Premature and small babies

Contents from Ottawa Public Health

Care for your teeth

Brush at least 2 times a day for 2 minutes!

  • Soft brush with rounded bristles
  • Brush at a 45-degree angle to your teeth
  • Put bristles at the place where your gums and teeth meet
  • Brush using short back and forth motion
  • Clean every surface of every tooth
  • Brush your tongue
  • Get a new brush every 3 months
  • Use pea size amount (children and adults) of toothpaste
  • Floss at least 1 time a day

Contents from Ottawa Public Health

Visit the dentist

  • Check/treat mouth, teeth and gums
  • Check for oral cancer or diseases
  • Check/advise on false teeth
  • Get dental advice
  • Get referrals to see teeth specialists

Visit your dentist at least 1 time a year!

Warning signs

  • Pain in teeth
  • Bad breath
  • Bleeding gums
  • Sore mouth
  • Loose teeth
  • Sensitive teeth

Care for False Teeth

  • Take them out every night
  • Brush them with toothpaste and a denture brush
  • Store them overnight in clean water in a cup
  • Brush and floss the implant gently

Hard to hold brush or floss

  • Make toothbrush handle bigger
  • Use an electric brush
  • Use a plastic floss holder

Dry Mouth = not normal

Dry mouth can be caused by:

  • Medication – over 800 medications
  • Disease such as diabetes
  • Head and neck cancer and treatment

Drink more and talk to your doctor and your dentist


  • Healthy mouth is important to healthy body
  • Brush 2 times a day for 2 minutes each
  • Floss 1 time a day
  • Use fluoridated toothpaste
  • No teeth STILL NEED to do mouth care
  • Visit a dentist 1 time a year

Information on this page can be downloaded as a handout. If you have any questions, please contact us.

Disclaimer: This material is not a substitute for the advice of a qualified health professional. This material is intended for general information only and is provided on an “as is”, “where is” basis. Although reasonable efforts were made to confirm the accuracy of the information, Alberta Health Services does not make any representation or warranty, express, implied or statutory, as to the accuracy, reliability, completeness, applicability or fitness for a particular purpose of such information. Alberta Health Services expressly disclaims all liability for the use of these materials, and for any claims, actions, demands or suits arising from such use. Last update September 2023.